I am not Catholic. I am pissed off. I am giving up Monsanto for Lent.
This is Day 18.
Yesterday’s Monsanto Project post explained the importance of choosing organic, shade-grown coffee. I hinted that fair-trade matters, too. Here’s the interesting thing: It doesn’t just matter for purposes of social justice. It matters even if all you want to do is avoid supporting Monsanto.
It seems the coffee farmers in Colombia, the world’s third-largest coffee producer, began to suffer substantial losses in the “coffee crisis” of the early 2000’s. Competition from international growers increased while Colombian labor regulations limited farmers’ ability to lower production costs. Unemployment skyrocketed, young people joined the Marxist guerillas or paramilitary forces in an escalating civil war, the World Bank and U.S. oil interests got tangled up in the affair, and coffee farmers became desperate.
So desperate that many of them turned to growing illegal plots of poppy and coca to supplement their incomes. You know, in order to afford the basics.
The farmers’ survival tactic didn’t go unnoticed by the U.S. and its War on Drugs. Nor did it go unnoticed by Monsanto.
Almost 70,000 gallons of Roundup were sprayed in Colombia in the first months of 2001. In 2000, roughly 145,750 gallons were sprayed over 53,000 hectares (205 square miles). With a retail price between $33 to $45 per gallon (Monsanto refused to confirm the wholesale price for such volumes), this represents a cost of around $4.8 to $6.6 million – paid to Monsanto by US taxpayers. ( J. Bigwood, Earth Island Journal, 2001-2001)
This spraying is not done from the ground. It is done from airplanes. Sure, the drug plants die and the government pats itself on the back…but that isn’t all that happens.
The Colombian rainforest is not Roundup Ready. The glyphosate (and additives that appear to make Roundup and Roundup Ultra even more toxic than glyphosate alone) coats much more than its intended targets. It destroys entire ecosystems, from natural foliage to food crops like bananas and manioc to native fish. Hunger threatens the indigenous peoples as a result. In 2009, Ecuadorians filed a class action suit for harm caused by pesticide drift across the Colombian border.
“The US State Department believes the spraying of herbicide in Colombia is not harmful to the environment or to humans,” said its spokeswoman Susan Pittman. Contrary to government officials’ and manufacturers’ claims of non-toxicity, at least five inquiries have found that Roundup causes serious human health problems. (T. Williams, The Public Record, 2009.)
And yes, some of that Roundup does wind up on the coffee.
Extra Credit (sorry, WP is having hyperlink issues again!)
Colombian Coffee Crisis: http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/drugs/prices.htm
Fair Trade Coffee in Colombia (pdf): http://www.globalexchange.org/campaigns/fairtrade/coffee/ColombiaFlyer.pdf
Coffee, A Dark History by Antony Wild (book)
Read all posts in the Monsanto Project Series: https://inthenightlife.wordpress.com/category/monsanto-project/